381 Consumer Law Protects The Interests Of ConsumersConsumer laws were created so that products and services provided by competitors were made fairly to consumer. Consumers are normally seen to be ‘acting in the course of a business’ or are ‘dealing as customer’ 12 Mar 2015 - CMA's follow-up work, research and analysis has been UK wide as consumer protection legislation is applicable throughout the whole of the UK.
8 Following constructive engagement with stakeholders including university, student and sector body representatives, we have consulted upon and published Modern science can study chemical reactions with participation of separate molecules, which have strictly determined energy. When using this, it is possible to control the flow of reactions submitting energy to determined sections of molecule. Chemical processes may turn out to be a good topic for a chemistry research .
Consumer laws are also known as consumer protection laws, are incorporated into the law to prevent deceitful activities, or unfair business practices.
Consumer rights day essay - histon fc The legislation regarding consumer protection, comes from the governments in order to function as a safeguard to protect consumers. In this regard, the laws may require a specific business to provide information regarding their products or services, especially in industries, where public and personal safety or health is concerned, like the food industry.
The concept of consumer protection comes from the belief in another concept; that of consumer a right, which is the belief that consumers have a wide variety of rights, regarding the products and services they consume. To this end a variety of organizations have been founded, in order to assist consumers in getting informed, and be able to make intelligent choices based on this information.
The definition of a "consumer" is a person, who obtains products or services, in order use it, or own it, instead of purchasing it in order to resell, or use it as a part or ingredient to manufacture other products, goods or services. Besides consumer laws, efforts to advocate competition between organizations in the area of consumer protection, can also serve to further guard the interests of consumers, but this falls under another law, which is referred to as the competition law, which lies beyond the scope of this article.
The area of consumer laws, are part of the private law legislation, that regulate the relations between consumers and producers and businesses, that market their products and services, The consumer protection law, covers a broad scope of subjects, among them the right to privacy for consumers, in order to restrain marketing efforts to a point that it would fall under harassment and liability, in order to force manufacturers, to uphold a certain quality of their products and services. The laws also protect consumers against unethical business practices, and a wide variety of other topics involving consumer to producer activity.
The legislation regarding consumer laws, deals with matters like the safety of products, credit repair or debt management companies, provided services and contracts between consumers and businesses, among many other topics, involving interactions between consumer and businesses. However, this is limited to personal use on the side of the consumer.
Business to business activities, fall under an entirely different set of laws. Besides consumer protection laws, another means to obtain protection for consumers, is through non government entities, that specialize in consumer activism, or individually by consumers themselves.
-Arguably consumer law was created because of the imbalance of powers.
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Protection of consumers in online sales - law teacher 13 (1), says that goods that haven’t been looked at or identified are ‘goods sold by transactions’. This act comes in to force if the product bought doesn’t match the description, or is faulty, not fit for what you bought it for and also if the quality is not good e.
An example of a situation would be, a woman bought a car from carcraft Sheffield, the contract was made. As she drove the car off the premises, the car seemed faulty as the engine warning light began to flash off and on.
As the contract was made the car did not state that there was nothing wrong with it. This can also be seen as the trade’s decription act, as there was a false decription given on the car.
A claim could be made on this case under these two acts. Trades description Act 1968-Any seller who gives a false trade description of goods or suppliers or offers to supply goods, which are wrongly described, is guilty of an offence.
This includes the following:- Selling goods that are wrongly described by the manufacturer. - Implied descriptions- a picture or illustration, which is seen to give the false impression.
- Quality, size, composition and method of manufacturer e Disclaimer. This essay has been submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies.
This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.
Consumer law is the area of law that regulates relationship between individual consumers and businesses that sell goods and services 30 Dec 2017 - Best website to purchase custom chemical sciences term paper 100% original american double spaced 14 days cse pages total /report/best-websites-to-get-chemistry-report-academic-14-days-a4-british-european Jump to Need to buy an environmental law essay a4 british european nbsp - Help writing .
Consumer law term paper get the best essay writing assistance on Also the contents of the product have to be displayed on packets/ tins.
Also firms are not allowed to force retail outlets to charge a price fixed by them. Unsolicited goods & services Act 1971-This act protects consumers by inertia selling.
Consumers did not have to pay for goods that they did not order, but had not bothered to return. Consumers may keep the product after a certain number of days if the company who sent it to you does not pick up the product.
An example of a situation would be a sales man called at my door, he sold me kitchen equipment, but did not provide me with a contract or receipt, under this act I have now the right to cancel the contract in anytime, until a copy of the copy of the contract or receipt is provided. Consumer credit Act 1974-This act protects consumers as it lays down the regulations of purchase on credit for goods.
The intention of this act is to prevent consumers signing to unfair contracts. And also to ensure that purchases know how much interest rates are going to be charged for the credit that they receive.
Competition Act 1980-This act protects consumers against the monopoly legislation as it prevents firms controlling more than 25% of the market without investigation. The complaint is usually seen to go to the office of fair-trading (OFT), which then can decide on the investigation further.
An example of this situation would be Yorkshire water, as this is a monopoly because there is only one water company in Yorkshire therefore can charge any price it wants to. Free consumer protection essays and papers - Weights & measures Act 1990-This legislation protects consumers as making it illegal to sell goods below their actual weight or volume, which must be stated on the packet or bottle.
This act allows the metric measures to be used, this procedure was enforced through the trading standards office & the office of fair trading.
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Food & safety Act 1990-This legislation protects consumers mainly in the food sector by making it an offence for farmers and growers to sell food, which is not of the nature or substance or quality demanded by the public.
An example of this act in a situation would be, a woman bought some bananas, and after she had eaten them she felt a bit sick the cause was that the product had past the expiry date Ww2 homework helpI usually help use homework writing paper service like this, but I was in a homework. By doing a chargeback, you agree to help up all your rights to the Paper automatically. We have a plan to offer you everything according to our skill..
The lady could sue grower’s etc against this Act, as the bananas were not safe to eat. Consumers face many situations in which a trader has broken unfair trading regulations but they have no direct course of action, the Law Commission and Law Commission of Scotland have said.
Laws that could cover consumers are too complex, they said. Unfair trading is prohibited by the Consumer Protection from Unfair Trading Regulations, which are known as the Consumer Protection Regulations (CPRs).
But action under the CPRs can only be taken by the Office of Fair Trading (OFT) and Trading Standards Departments, which can take civil and criminal actions under them. The CPRs leave consumers without the ability to take action directly, despite calls by consumer groups in recent years and even by members of the European Parliament to give them the right to take direct action This research paper will focus on the protection of consumers in online sales, because since the opening to a commercialization use of the first World Wide Web in 1991 other developments during that decade made it possible for everyone to buy through the internet.
This situation leaded to the creation of the electronic . The Law Commissions are reviewing the law in the area and have identified many areas in which consumers are left without a direct course of action.
They said that previous investigations into alternative laws under which consumers could take action, such as laws of duress or undue influence, are too difficult for consumers to use and understand so offer them no practical protection. "Although the current laws of misrepresentation, duress, undue influence and harassment provided private remedies in some circumstances, Consumer Focus highlighted gaps in coverage," said the Commissions' report (42-page / 210KB PDF).
"Furthermore, these causes of action were strongly criticised for being overly complex and seldom used in practice. "The Citizens Advice organisation allowed the Commissions to use its data to find examples of consumers who were left, effectively, with no direct form of redress for unfair behaviour.
"Cases involving debt collection, utility providers, phone service providers, and vulnerable consumers featured prominently," the report said.
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"The Commissions said that second-hand car sales; mobile phone contracts; utility switching and solar panel sales were other areas in which problems were frequently reported 1 Jan 2018 - Where to find term paper chemical sciences double spaced business a4 (british/european) standard cruelty to animals in circuses essayWhere to purchase custom paintings essay Writing 149 pages / 40975 words 48 hours for professor might also want you to explain why the source is relevant to your .
"Many of the problems related to aggressive or misleading ways of obtaining payment," said the report.
"This not only included collecting contract debts but also misleading or aggressive means of threatening 'civil recovery' against alleged shoplifting. We were also told of aggressive and misleading practices relating to parking, towing and clamping.
"Consumer protection body Consumer Focus told the Commissions that the laws under which consumers could take direct action were not easily usable by consumers. "Although it would appear that aggressive practices might be covered by the laws of duress, undue influence, unjust enrichment, and harassment, consumer advisers told us that in practice it is extremely difficult for consumers to succeed in these cases," said the report.
"They argued that very high thresholds apply in duress, undue influence and harassment cases, and it is difficult for consumers to provide the requisite proof This essay has been submitted by a law student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.
Consumer Law Protects The Interests Of Consumers. Consumer laws were created so that products and services provided by competitors were made fairly to consumer.
In addition, the law of unjust enrichment is complex. Consumer law protects the interests of consumers - law teacher "The Commissions said they had been told that private law does not provide protection in all the areas that the CPRs do, that there are "gaps within the current regime".
The report listed specific instances of problems with sales to consumers, including the sale of supposedly diet-aiding tea; mobile phone services with poor reception; and vehicle performance.
The Commissions said that they will publish a consultation paper next spring outlining how the law should be reformed to ensure that consumers are better protected from unfair practices and can better take direct action to protect themselves against behaviour that is unlawful under the CPRs The Chemistry Nobel Prize 2013 - For what work (research) was the prize awarded. Chemistry is one of category of Nobel Prize given to chemists who have dedicated in chemistry science. For a chemist, Nobel Prize is one of most prestigious award. Nobel Prize for chemistry 2013 has been decided, chemistry prize goes to .
" The consultation paper will consider how the law should be reformed to provide a simpler and clearer private right of redress for consumers who are the victims of misleading or aggressive practices," the Commissions said. "The evidence we have been given highlights the variety of problems consumers experience.
It is often difficult to state with any precision how these cases would be treated under the current law, or what remedy might be available," they said. "We will be considering whether it would be possible to draft a new statute to apply to business to consumer transactions, which would provide simpler and clearer remedies.
""It is not the role of the law to protect consumers from all the bad bargains they may make," the paper said. "The challenge will be to achieve an appropriate balance between protecting consumers from unacceptable malpractices, without encouraging consumers to abdicate responsibility for the bargains they enter.
"The rules and laws on consumer rights vary depending on a number of factors. These include:The type of transaction;The parties involved in the transaction;The nature of the goods or services.
Here are some the basic rules that all consumers should be aware of before spending on the high street or signing on the dotted line. Shopping On The High StreetThe law governing this area is chiefly contained in the Sale of Goods Act 1979.
All goods sold must:Be of satisfactory quality; and,Comply with the description given by the retailer. If goods turn out to be faulty or otherwise not to satisfy the above criteria the purchaser may be able to return the goods and get a refund.
The consumer protection act law commercial essay If a fault is discovered the item should not be left in the back of a cupboard for months before taking it back to the shop. If this happens, the retailer could argue that the purchaser has “accepted the fault" and is no longer entitled to a refund or replacement.
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If faulty goods cost more than £100 and were purchased with a credit card the purchaser may also be able to claim a refund from the credit card company. Private SalesThe Sales of Goods Act is intended to protect consumers when they buy products from businesses.
Part of the purpose of the Act is to redress the balance of power between a business and an individual. It must be remembered, therefore, that the protection does not apply to private sales between two individuals.
For example, if an item is purchased from a private seller in response to a newspaper advertisement the purchaser will have very little protection if the item proves to be faulty. In these circumstances the purchaser is expected to protect their own interests by taking due care before purchasing an item.
Shopping On The InternetDifferent rules apply to goods bought on the Internet or by mail order. These sales are governed by the Consumer Protection (Distance Selling) Regulations.
The law on this type of transaction states that, in most cases, a purchaser will have 7 days to change their minds and return goods or cancel the order. However, it should be noted that this rule does not apply to all goods.
For example, if an item is perishable or personalised it may not automatically be returned because it will not have a resale value Free consumer protection papers, essays, and research papers. Online Commerce and Consumer Protection - Electronic commerce, more commonly abbreviated as e-commerce, is the action of buying and selling products or services through the medium of electronic information systems such as computer networks - the .
The Sales of Goods Act also applies to goods bought online therefore they must also be of satisfactory quality and fit for purpose. However, if the seller is a private individual there will be no protection under the Act.
Consumer Rights And ServicesThe main law governing the provision of services is the Supply of Goods and Services Act 1982.
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If services do not comply with the requirements the purchaser is entitled to have the situation rectified Chemical Papers is a peer-reviewed, international journal devoted to basic and applied chemical research. It has a broad scope covering the chemical sciences, but favors interdisciplinary research and studies that bring chemistry .
The customer will usually be entitled to ask the supplier to remedy the fault or pay compensation.
The supplier is also likely to be liable if he has fitted or provided faulty goods. Loans And FinanceAll loans, hire purchase agreements and leasing schemes with a value of up to £25,000 are covered by the Consumer Credit Act 1974.
This law offers further protection to consumers purchasing goods or services from a business. The Consumer Credit Act also covers purchases made with a credit card.
If a consumer enters into an agreement covered by the Consumer Credit Act they must be provided with a copy of the agreement which includes all the terms and conditions and clearly shows the total amount that has to be paid under the agreement. If the agreement was entered into away from the business’s premises – for example in the consumer’s home – the consumer may cancel the agreement within five days if they change their mind.